Was a two part spacecraft used to carry a crew of two from lunar orbit to the surface of the moon and back. The descent stage served as the launch pad for the ascent stage plus it housed the landing gear, engines and fuel needed for landing. Six such craft successfully landed on the Moon between 1969 and 1972.
Mars Exploration Rover NASA's twin rovers, named Spirit and Opportunity, launched separately in 2003 and landed three weeks apart in January 2004. They made important discoveries about wet environments on ancient Mars that may have been favorable for supporting microbial life. Although Spirit ceased communicating with Earth in March 2010, Opportunity continues its work on the Red Planet.
The First Space Shuttle built was the Enterprise. It was built by Rockwell International to be used by NASA for test flights in the atmosphere. The Enterprise had been designed so it could be refitted and used for orbital flight. However, this plan proved too expensive and so it was decided to simply build a new shuttle called Challenger. The Enterprise now resides in the Intrepid Museum in New York City.
The Space Shuttle Endeavour is one of the retired orbiters of the Space Shuttle program of NASA, the space agency of the United States. Endeavour was the fifth and final spaceworthy NASA space shuttle to be built, and first flew in May 1992 on mission STS-49 and its last mission STS-134 was in May 2011.
Its maiden voyage was on August 30, 1984. Since then it has flown more than any other Spacecraft having completed 39 successful missions one of which was the launching of the Hubble Space Telescope. Discovery now resides at the Smithsonian Museum in Washington, DC.
Was the fourth shuttle built and the last one to fly. It was launched on its maiden voyage October 3rd 1985 and landed for the last time on July 12th 2011 at Cape Kennedy. By the end of its last flight, Atlantis had orbited the Earth 4,848 times, traveling nearly 126 million miles.
Kepler is a space observatory launched by NASA to discover Earth-size planets orbiting other stars. Named after astronomer Johannes Kepler, the spacecraft was launched on March 7, 2009, into an Earth-trailing heliocentric orbit.